유전자 요약: The product of this gene belongs to the serine/threonine protein kinase family, and to the Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase subfamily. This enzyme is a multifunctional serine/threonine protein kinase with limited tissue distribution, that has been implicated in transcriptional regulation in lymphocytes, neurons and male germ cells. General information above from NCBI
촉매 활성: ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein.
효소 조절: Activated by Ca(2+)/calmodulin. Binding of calmodulin results in conformational change that relieves intrasteric autoinhibition and allows phosphorylation of Thr-200 within the activation loop by CaMKK1 or CaMKK2. Phosphorylation of Thr-200 results in a 10-20-fold increase in total activity to generate Ca(2+)/calmodulin-independent activity. Autophosphorylation of the N-terminus Ser-12 and Ser-13 is required for full activation. Inactivated by protein phosphatase 2A (PPP2CA/PPP2CB) which dephosphorylates Thr-200, thereby terminating autonomous activity and helping to maintain the enzyme in its autoinhibited state.
하부단위 구조: Monomer (By similarity). Interacts with protein phosphatase 2A (PPP2CA/PPP2CB); the interaction is mutually exclusive with binding to Ca(2+)/calmodulin.
도메인: The autoinhibitory domain overlaps with the calmodulin binding region and interacts in the inactive folded state with the catalytic domain as a pseudosubstrate.
세포하 위치: Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Note=Localized in hippocampal neuron nuclei. In spermatids, associated with chromatin and nuclear matrix (By similarity).
조직 특이성: Expressed in brain, thymus, CD4 T-cells, testis and epithelial ovarian cancer tissue.
발생 단계: Expressed during differentiation of monocyte- derived dendritic cells (at protein level).
번역 후: Phosphorylated by CaMKK1 and CaMKK2 on Thr-200. Dephosphorylated by protein phosphatase 2A. Autophosphorylated on Ser-12 and Ser-13.
Glycosylation at Ser-189 modulates the phosphorylation of CaMK4 at Thr-200 and negatively regulates its activity toward CREB1 in basal conditions and during early inomycin stimulation.
염기서열 유사성: Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. CAMK Ser/Thr protein kinase family. CaMK subfamily.
Contains 1 protein kinase domain.
General information above from UniProt