PD-1 qPCR Primer Pairs, Human General Information
1 vial of lyophilized qPCR primer mix (1 nmol each primer, sufficient for 200 numbers of 25 μl reactions).
QPCR Primer Description:
Verified forward and reverse primers for analyzing the quantitative expression of gene.
Application & Quality
SYBR® Green-based quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR).
The primer mix has been verified to generate satisfactory qPCR data on Roche Applied-science LightCycler® 480 Ⅱ.
Storage & Shipping
Lyophilized qPCR primer mix is shipped at ambiente temperatura
The lyophilized product is stable for one year from date of receipt when stored at -20℃.
The suspended product is stable for six months from date of receipt when stored at -20℃.
***Sino biological qEASY qPCR primer pairs are used for SYBR Green-based real-time RT-PCR, The primers are designed by using SBI's proprietary primer design algorithm. Our primer collection covers the entire human genomes. It can be widely applied in the quantitative analysis of gene expression.***
Features and Advantages
Unique Primer Design
To avoid genomic DNA amplification, at least one primer is designed crosses the junction of exons according to the conserved region of a specific gene with all variants.
Strict Validation Process
Confirmed in positive organizations; screened the primer with high specificity and high sensitivity.
Uniform PCR conditions, Saving time and cost
~100% amplification curve, ensuring the accuracy of the RNA quantitative
PD-1 qPCR Primer Pairs, Human Alternative Names
CD279 qPCR Primer Pairs, Human;hPD-1 qPCR Primer Pairs, Human;hPD-l qPCR Primer Pairs, Human;hSLE1 qPCR Primer Pairs, Human;PD-1 qPCR Primer Pairs, Human;PD1 qPCR Primer Pairs, Human;SLEB2 qPCR Primer Pairs, Human
PD-1 Background Information
Programmed cell death 1, also known as PDCD1, is a type I transmembrane glycoprotein, and is an immunoreceptor belonging to the CD28/CTLA-4 family negatively regulates antigen receptor signaling by recruiting protein tyrosine phosphatase, SHP-2 upon interacting with either of two ligands, PD-L1 or PD-L2. PD1 inhibits the T-cell proliferation and production of related cytokines including IL-1, IL-4, IL-10 and IFN-γ by suppressing the activation and transduction of PI3K/AKT pathway. In addition, coligation of PD1 inhibits BCR-mediating signal by dephosphorylating key signal transducer. PD1 has been suggested to be involved in lymphocyte clonal selection and peripheral tolerance, and thus contributes to the prevention of autoimmune diseases. Furthermore, PD1 is shown to be a regulator of virus-specific CD8+ T cell survival in HIV infection. As a cell surface molecule, PDCD1 regulates the adaptive immune response. Engagement of PD-1 by its ligands PD-L1 or PD-L2 transduces a signal that inhibits T-cell proliferation, cytokine production, and cytolytic function.
Immune Checkpoint Blockade: Blocking Antibodies Immune Checkpoint Blockade: PD1 / PDCD1 / CD279 Blocking Antibodies
Immune Checkpoint Detection: Antibodies Immune Checkpoint Detection: ELISA Antibodies Immune Checkpoint Detection: IHC Antibodies Immune Checkpoint Detection: WB Antibodies
Immune Checkpoint Proteins PD1 / PDCD1 / CD279 Immune Checkpoint Proteins
PD1 / PDCD1 / CD279 Immune Checkpoint PD1 / PDCD1 / CD279 Immune Checkpoint Antibodies
Immune Checkpoint Targets Co-inhibitory Immune Checkpoint Targets
Immunotherapy Cancer Immunotherapy Targeted Therapy
programmed cell death 1
James ES, et al. (2005) PDCD1: a tissue-specific susceptibility locus for inherited inflammatory disorders. Genes Immun. 6(5): 430-7.Okazaki T, et al. (2007) PD-1 and PD-1 ligands: from discovery to clinical application. Int Immunol. 19(7): 813-24.del Rio ML, et al. (2008) PD-1/PD-L1, PD-1/PD-L2, and other co-inhibitory signaling pathways in transplantation. Transpl Int. 21(11): 1015-28.Riley JL.(2009) PD-1 signaling in primary T cells. Immunol Rev. 229(1): 114-25.