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휴먼 TGF-beta 1/TGFB1 Gene ORF cDNA clone expression plasmid, N-Myc 태그

데이터시트리뷰관련제품프로토콜
Human TGFB1 cDNA 클론 제품 정보
Gene_bank_ref_id:NM_000660.4
cDNA 크기:1173bp
cDNA 설명:Full length Clone DNA of Homo sapiens transforming growth factor, beta 1 with N terminal Myc tag.
유전자 동의어:CED, DPD1, TGFB, TGFbeta, TGFB1
:Human
벡터:pCMV3-SP-N-Myc
Plasmid:
제한 사이트:
태그 씨퀀스:Myc Tag Sequence: GAGCAGAAACTCATCTCAGAAGAGGATCTG
염기서열 설명:
Sequencing primers:T7(TAATACGACTCACTATAGGG) BGH(TAGAAGGCACAGTCGAGG)
Promoter:Enhanced CMV mammalian cell promoter
Application:Stable or Transient mammalian expression
Antibiotic in E.coli:Kanamycin
Antibiotic in mammalian cell:Hygromycin
Shipping_carrier:Each tube contains lyophilized plasmid.
보관:The lyophilized plasmid can be stored at room temperature for three months.
Myc Tag Info

A myc tag can be used in many different assays that require recognition by an antibody. If there is no antibody against the studied protein, adding a myc-tag allows one to follow the protein with an antibody against the Myc epitope. Examples are cellular localization studies by immunofluorescence or detection by Western blotting.

The peptide sequence of the myc-tag is: N-EQKLISEEDL-C (1202 Da). It can be fused to the C-terminus and the N-terminus of a protein. It is advisable not to fuse the tag directly behind the signal peptide of a secretory protein, since it can interfere with translocation into the secretory pathway.

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연구배경

TGF-beta 1 is a member of the transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) family. The transforming growth factor-beta family of polypeptides are involved in the regulation of cellular processes, including cell division, differentiation, motility, adhesion and death. TGF-beta 1 positively and negatively regulates many other growth factors. It inhibits the secretion and activity of many other cytokines including interferon-γ, tumor necrosis factor-alpha and various interleukins. It can also decrease the expression levels of cytokine receptors. Meanwhile, TGF-beta 1 also increases the expression of certain cytokines in T cells and promotes their proliferation, particularly if the cells are immature. TGF-beta 1 also inhibits proliferation and stimulates apoptosis of B cells, and plays a role in controlling the expression of antibody, transferrin and MHC class II proteins on immature and mature B cells. As for myeloid cells, TGF-beta 1can inhibit their proliferation and prevent their production of reactive oxygen and nitrogen intermediates. However, as with other cell types, TGF-beta 1 also has the opposite effect on cells of myeloid origin. TGF-beta 1 is a multifunctional protein that controls proliferation, differentiation and other functions in many cell types. It plays an important role in bone remodeling as it is a potent stimulator of osteoblastic bone formation, causing chemotaxis, proliferation and differentiation in committed osteoblasts. Once cells lose their sensitivity to TGF-beta1-mediated growth inhibition, autocrine TGF-beta signaling can promote tumorigenesis. Elevated levels of TGF-beta1 are often observed in advanced carcinomas, and have been correlated with increased tumor invasiveness and disease progression.

참고자료
  • Ghadami M, et al. (2000) Genetic Mapping of the Camurati-Engelmann Disease Locus to Chromosome 19q13.1-q13.3. Am J Hum. Genet. 66(1):143-7.
  • Letterio J, et al. (1998) Regulation of immune responses by TGF-beta. Annu Rev Immunol. 16:137-61.
  • Vaughn SP, et al. (2000) Confirmation of the mapping of the Camurati-Englemann locus to 19q13. 2 and refinement to a 3.2-cM region. Genomics. 66(1):119-21.
  • Assoian R, et al. (1983) Transforming growth factor-beta in human platelets. Identification of a major storage site, purification, and characterization. J Biol Chem. 258(11):7155-60.
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