Cathepsin L qPCR Primer Pairs, Rat General Information
1 vial of lyophilized qPCR primer mix (1 nmol each primer, sufficient for 200 numbers of 25 μl reactions).
QPCR Primer Description:
Verified forward and reverse primers for analyzing the quantitative expression of gene.
Application & Quality
SYBR® Green-based quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR).
The primer mix has been verified to generate satisfactory qPCR data on Roche Applied-science LightCycler® 480 Ⅱ.
Storage & Shipping
Lyophilized qPCR primer mix is shipped at ambiente temperatura
The lyophilized product is stable for one year from date of receipt when stored at -20℃.
The suspended product is stable for six months from date of receipt when stored at -20℃.
***Sino biological qEASY qPCR primer pairs are used for SYBR Green-based real-time RT-PCR, The primers are designed by using SBI's proprietary primer design algorithm. Our primer collection covers the entire human genomes. It can be widely applied in the quantitative analysis of gene expression.***
Features and Advantages
Unique Primer Design
To avoid genomic DNA amplification, at least one primer is designed crosses the junction of exons according to the conserved region of a specific gene with all variants.
Strict Validation Process
Confirmed in positive organizations; screened the primer with high specificity and high sensitivity.
Uniform PCR conditions, Saving time and cost
~100% amplification curve, ensuring the accuracy of the RNA quantitative
Cathepsin L Background Information
Cathepsin L is a lysosomal cysteine protease that plays a major role in intracellular protein catabolism, and is potent in degrading collagen, laminin, elastin, as well as alpha-1 protease inhibitor and other structural proteins of basement membranes. It is secreted by liver flukes at all stages of their development in the mammalian host, are believed to play important roles in facilitating parasite migration (tissue degradation), feeding and immuno-evasion. Like many proteases, Cathepsin L is synthesized as an inactive preproenzyme, and cleavage of the 96-residue proregion is necessary to generate the fully active 221-residue mature enzyme. Studies have demonstrated that cleavage of the proregion occur autocatalytically under acidic conditions. The enzyme takes part in nutrient acquisition by catabolizing host proteins to absorbable peptides, facilitates the migration of the parasite through the host intestine and liver by cleaving interstitial matrix proteins such as fibronectin, laminin and native collagen and is implicated in the inactivation of host immune defenses by cleaving immunoglobulins. Recently, Cathepsin L has been shown to suppress Th1 immune response in infected laboratory animals making them susceptible to concurrent bacterial infections. Cathepsin L is synthesized in large amounts and secreted by many malignantly transformed cells, and induced by growth factors and tumor promoters. In addition to its role in protein degradation, evidence has accumulated for the participation of Cathepsin L in various physiological and pathological processes, such as tumor invasion and metastasis, bone resorption, spermatogenesis, and arthritis. Accordingly, Cathepsin L may prove useful as a diagnostic or prognostic marker of human tumor malignancy.
Mulcahy G, et al. (2001) Cathepsin L proteinases as vaccines against infection with Fasciola hepatica (liver fluke) in ruminants. Res Vet Sci. 70(1): 83-6.Dixit AK, et al. (2008) Immunodiagnostic/protective role of cathepsin L cysteine proteinases secreted by Fasciola species. Vet Parasitol. 154(3-4): 177-84.Leto G, et al. (2010) Cathepsin L in metastatic bone disease: therapeutic implications. Biol Chem. 391(6): 655-64.