Apolipoprotein E Lentiviral cDNA ORF Clone, Human, C-GFPSpark® tag

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Apolipoprotein E Lentiviral cDNA ORF Clone, Human, C-GFPSpark® tag: General Information

Gene
Species
Human
NCBI Ref Seq
RefSeq ORF Size
954 bp
Sequence Description
Identical with the Gene Bank Ref. ID sequence (Nucleotide may contain silent mutation without changing amino acid sequence)
Description
Full length Clone DNA of Homo sapiens apolipoprotein E.
Plasmid
Promoter
Enhanced CMV mammalian cell promoter
Tag Sequence
GFPSpark Tag Sequence: GTGAGCAAGGGC……GAGCTGTACAAG
Sequencing Primers
pLen-F(CTCGTTTAGTGAACCGTCAGAATT), pLen-R(GAACCGGAACCCTTAAACATGT)
Quality Control
The plasmid is confirmed by full-length sequencing.
Screening
Antibiotic in E.coli
Ampicillin
Storage & Shipping
Shipping
Each tube contains 10μg lyophilized plasmid
Storage
The lyophilized plasmid can be stored at room temperature for three months

Apolipoprotein E Lentiviral cDNA ORF Clone, Human, C-GFPSpark® tag: Alternative Names

AD2 cDNA ORF Clone, Human; APO-E cDNA ORF Clone, Human; ApoE4 cDNA ORF Clone, Human; LDLCQ5 cDNA ORF Clone, Human; LPG cDNA ORF Clone, Human

Apolipoprotein E Background Information

Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) is a 34.2 kDa glycosylated protein with 299 amino acid residues. There are three isoforms in human (apoE2, apoE3, and apoE4) due to different amino acid residues at positions 112 and 158. ApoE is synthesized predominantly in the liver, but also by cells in the spleen, brain, lung, kidney, ovary, adrenal, and muscle tissues. Hepatic parenchyma cells are the main apoE producing cells in mammalian body, probably accounting for two thirds to three fourths of the plasma apoE . In the nervous system, apoE mRNA is present in neurons, astrocytes, ependymal cells, nonmyelinating Schwann cells, but not in microglia, oligodendroglia, choroidal cells, or myelinating Schwann cells. ApoE produced by mammalian cells exists in different forms, monomers, dimers, modified, unmodified, lipid-rich, and lipid-poor, and so forth. ApoE plays a double-role in immune responses. Both apoE containing lipoproteins and multimers of synthetic apoE peptides inhibited proliferation of cultured lymphocytes by inhibiting DNA synthesis and reducing phospholipid turnover in T cells. ApoE can also affect innate and acquired immune responses in vitro by its ability to suppress stimulation of cultured neutrophils. ApoE can bind lipopolysaccharide (LPS), attenuate the inflammatory response, and thus reduce LPS induced lethality. Injection of LPS stimulated higher expression of inflammatory cytokines like interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-12, and interferon-γ (IFN-γ), as well as IL-6.
Full Name
apolipoprotein E
References
  • Mahley RW. (1988) Apolipoprotein E: cholesterol transport protein with expanding role in cell biology. Science. 240(4852): 622-30.
  • Aleshkov S, et al. (1989) Interaction of nascent apoe2, apoe3, and apoe4 isoforms expressed in mammalian cells with amyloid peptide. Relevance to Alzheimer's disease. Biochemistry. 36(34): 10571-80.
  • Hussain MM, et al. (1997) Synthesis, modification, and flotation properties of rat hepatocyte apolipoproteins. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. 101(1): 90-101.
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