PD-1 Protein, Human, Recombinant (His Tag)

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PD-1 Protein, Human, Recombinant (His Tag): Product Information

Purity
> 95 % as determined by SDS-PAGE
Endotoxin
< 1.0 EU per μg of the protein as determined by the LAL method
Activity
Measured by its binding ability in a functional ELISA . Immobilized human PD-1 at 10 μg/ml (100 μl/well) can bind recombinant human B7-H1 / PD-L1 / Fc chimera with a linear range of 0.02-0.4 μg/ml.
Protein Construction
A DNA sequence encoding the extracellular domain (Met 1-Gln 167) of human PD1 (NP_005009.2) was expressed with a C-terminal polyhistidine tag.
Accession#
Expressed Host
HEK293 Cells
Species
Human
Predicted N Terminal
Leu 25
Molecule Mass
The recombinant mature human PD1 consists of 154 amino acids and has a calculated molecular mass of 17.4 kDa.
Formulation
Lyophilized from sterile PBS, pH 7.4
1. Normally 5 % - 8 % trehalose, mannitol and 0.01% Tween80 are added as protectants before lyophilization. Specific concentrations are included in the hardcopy of COA.
2. Please contact us for any concerns or special requirements.
Please refer to the specific buffer information in the hard copy of CoA.
Shipping
In general, recombinant proteins are provided as lyophilized powder which are shipped at ambient temperature.
Bulk packages of recombinant proteins are provided as frozen liquid. They are shipped out with blue ice unless customers require otherwise.
Stability & Storage
Samples are stable for up to twelve months from date of receipt at -70℃
Store it under sterile conditions at -20℃ to -80℃. It is recommended that the protein be aliquoted for optimal storage. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Reconstitution
A hardcopy of COA with reconstitution instruction is sent along with the products. Please refer to it for detailed information.

PD-1 Protein, Human, Recombinant (His Tag): Images

PD-1 Protein, Human, Recombinant (His Tag): Alternative Names

CD279 Protein, Human; hPD-1 Protein, Human; hPD-l Protein, Human; hSLE1 Protein, Human; PD-1 Protein, Human; PD1 Protein, Human; SLEB2 Protein, Human

PD-1 Background Information

Programmed cell death 1, also known as PDCD1, is a type I transmembrane glycoprotein, and is an immunoreceptor belonging to the CD28/CTLA-4 family negatively regulates antigen receptor signaling by recruiting protein tyrosine phosphatase, SHP-2 upon interacting with either of two ligands, PD-L1 or PD-L2. PD1 inhibits the T-cell proliferation and production of related cytokines including IL-1, IL-4, IL-1 and IFN-γ by suppressing the activation and transduction of PI3K/AKT pathway. In addition, coligation of PD1 inhibits BCR-mediating signal by dephosphorylating key signal transducer. PD1 has been suggested to be involved in lymphocyte clonal selection and peripheral tolerance, and thus contributes to the prevention of autoimmune diseases. Furthermore, PD1 is shown to be a regulator of virus-specific CD8+ T cell survival in HIV infection. As a cell surface molecule, PDCD1 regulates the adaptive immune response. Engagement of PD-1 by its ligands PD-L1 or PD-L2 transduces a signal that inhibits T-cell proliferation, cytokine production, and cytolytic function.
Full Name
programmed cell death 1
References
  • James ES, et al. (2005) PDCD1: a tissue-specific susceptibility locus for inherited inflammatory disorders. Genes Immun. 6(5): 430-7.
  • Okazaki T, et al. (2007) PD-1 and PD-1 ligands: from discovery to clinical application. Int Immunol. 19(7): 813-24.
  • del Rio ML, et al. (2008) PD-1/PD-L1, PD-1/PD-L2, and other co-inhibitory signaling pathways in transplantation. Transpl Int. 21(11): 1015-28.
  • Riley JL.(2009) PD-1 signaling in primary T cells. Immunol Rev. 229(1): 114-25.
  • Design, isolation and evaluation of the binding efficiency of a DNA aptamer against interleukin 2 receptor alpha, in vitro
    Author
    Shahdordizadeh, M;Taghdisi, SM;Sankian, M;Ramezani, M;Abnous, K;
    Year
    2017
    Journal
    Int. Immunopharmacol.
  • Epitope mapping reveals the binding mechanism of a functional antibody cross-reactive to both human and murine programmed death 1
    Author
    Li, D;Xu, J;Wang, Z;Gong, Z;Liu, J;Zheng, Y;Li, J;Li, J;
    Year
    2017
    Journal
    mAbs
    Application
    binding
  • Rapid development of stable transgene CHO cell lines by CRISPR/Cas9-mediated site-specific integration into C12orf35
    Author
    Zhao, M;Wang, J;Luo, M;Luo, H;Zhao, M;Han, L;Zhang, M;Yang, H;Xie, Y;Jiang, H;Feng, L;Lu, H;Zhu, J;
    Year
    2018
    Journal
    Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol.
    Application
    SPR
  • Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay for the quantification of nivolumab and pembrolizumab in human serum and cerebrospinal fluid
    Author
    Pluim, D;Ros, W;van Bussel, MTJ;Brandsma, D;Beijnen, JH;Schellens, JHM;
    Year
    2018
    Journal
    J Pharm Biomed Anal
    Application
    ELISA (PK)
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