4EBP1: 4EBP1 protein | 4EBP1 antibody

4EBP1 General information

APPROVED SYMBOL
 EIF4EBP1
APPROVED NAME
 eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E binding protein 1
HGNC ID
 HGNC:3288
SYNONYMS
 4E-BP1, PHAS-I, phosphorylated heat- and acid-stable protein regulated by insulin 1
LOCUS TYPE
 gene with protein product
CHROMOSOMAL LOCATION
 8p11.23
HCOP
Orthology Predictions for EIF4EBP1 From HGNC

From HGNC

4EBP1 background

The translational suppressor eIF4E binding protein-1, 4E-BP1 functions as a key regulator in cellular growth, differentiation, apoptosis and survival. The Eif4ebp1 gene, encoding 4E-BP1, is a direct target of a transcription factor activating transcription factor-4 (ATF4), a master regulator of gene expression in stress responses. 4E-BP1 is characterized by its capacity to bind specifically to eIF4E and inhibit its interaction with eIF4G. Phosphorylation of 4E-BP1 regulates eIF4E availability, and therefore, cap-dependent translation, in cell stress. Binding of eIF4E to eIF4G is inhibited in a competitive manner by 4E-BP1. Phosphorylation of 4E-BP1 decreases the affinity of this protein for eIF4E, thus favouring the binding of eIF4G and enhancing translation. 4E-BP1 is important for beta-cell survival under endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. 4E-BP1 mediates the regulation of protein translation by hormones, growth factors and other stimuli that signal through the MAP kinase and mTORC1 pathways. Recently, 4E-BP1 was found to be a key factor, which converges several oncogenic signals, phosphorylates the molecules, and drives the downstream proliferative signals. Recent studies showed that high expression of phosphorylated 4E-BP-1 (p-4E-BP1) is associated with poor prognosis, tumor progression, or nodal metastasis in different human cancers.

Reference for 4EBP1

• Azar R, et al. (2008) Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-dependent transcriptional silencing of the translational repressor 4E-BP1. Cell Mol Life Sci. 65(19): 3110-7.

• Tominaga R, et al. (2010) The JNK pathway modulates expression and phosphorylation of 4E-BP1 in MIN6 pancreatic beta-cells under oxidative stress conditions. Cell Biochem Funct. 28(5): 387-93.

• Ayuso MI, et al. (2010) New hierarchical phosphorylation pathway of the translational repressor eIF4E-binding protein 1 (4E-BP1) in ischemia-reperfusion stress. J Biol Chem. 285(45): 34355-63.

4EBP1 Protein

4EBP1 protein function

Repressor of translation initiation that regulates EIF4E activity by preventing its assembly into the eIF4F complex: hypophosphorylated form competes with EIF4G1/EIF4G3 and strongly binds to EIF4E, leading to repress translation. In contrast, hyperphosphorylated form dissociates from EIF4E, allowing interaction between EIF4G1/EIF4G3 and EIF4E, leading to initiation of translation. Mediates the regulation of protein translation by hormones, growth factors and other stimuli that signal through the MAP kinase and mTORC1 pathways. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:22578813, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7935836}.

4EBP1 protein sequence

Length: 118.00

Mass (Da): 12.00

This sequence information is just for reference only.From Uniport

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4EBP1 Gene

The protein encoded by this gene is a protease inhibitor and cytokine transporter. It uses a bait-and-trap mechanism to inhibit a broad spectrum of proteases, including trypsin, thrombin and collagenase. It can also inhibit inflammatory cytokines, and it thus disrupts inflammatory cascades. Mutations in this gene are a cause of alpha-2-macroglobulin deficiency. This gene is implicated in Alzheimer's disease (AD) due to its ability to mediate the clearance and degradation of A-beta, the major component of beta-amyloid deposits. A related pseudogene, which is also located on the p arm of chromosome 12, has been identified. [NCBI]

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