CD10 antigens

CD10 antigens general information

CD10 Gene ID 4311
CD10 Official Full Name membrane metallo-endopeptidase
CD10 Alias CALLA, NEP, gp100, Neprilysin, SFE, MME, EPN
CD10 Cellular Expression B; NK; Endothelial
CD10 Ligand/Receptor/Association  
CD10 Function Peptidase, regulates B-cell growth
CD10 Summary This gene encodes a common acute lymphocytic leukemia antigen that is an important cell surface marker in the diagnosis of human acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL). This protein is present on leukemic cells of pre-B phenotype, which represent 85% of cases of ALL. This protein is not restricted to leukemic cells, however, and is found on a variety of normal tissues. It is a glycoprotein that is particularly abundant in kidney, where it is present on the brush border of proximal tubules and on glomerular epithelium. The protein is a neutral endopeptidase that cleaves peptides at the amino side of hydrophobic residues and inactivates several peptide hormones including glucagon, enkephalins, substance P, neurotensin, oxytocin, and bradykinin. This gene, which encodes a 100-kD type II transmembrane glycoprotein, exists in a single copy of greater than 45 kb. The 5' untranslated region of this gene is alternatively spliced, resulting in four separate mRNA transcripts. The coding region is not affected by alternative splicing. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

Information from NCBI or Wiki

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