TNFSF12 is a cytokine that belongs to the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) ligand family. It is a ligand for the FN14/TWEAKR receptor. TNFSF12 has overlapping signaling functions with TNF, but displays a much wider tissue distribution. It can induce apoptosis via multiple pathways of cell death in a cell type-specific manner. It is also found that TNFSF12 promotes proliferation and migration of endothelial cells, and thus acts as a regulator of angiogenesis. TNFSF12 also is a weak inducer of apoptosis in some cell types and mediates NF-kappa-B activation.
tumor necrosis factor (ligand) superfamily, member 12
- Wiley SR, et al. (2004) TWEAK, a member of the TNF superfamily, is a multifunctional cytokine that binds the TweakR/Fn14 receptor. Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 14(3-4):241-9.
- Campbell S, et al. (2006) The role of TWEAK/Fn14 in the pathogenesis of inflammation and systemic autoimmunity. Front Biosci. 9:2273-84.
- Lynch CN, et al. (1999) TWEAK induces angiogenesis and proliferation of endothelial cells. J Biol Chem. 274(13):8455-9.