Complement component 7 is a component of the complement system. It belongs to the complement C6/C7/C8/C9 family. It contains 1 EGF-like domain, 1 LDL-receptor class A domain, 1 MACPF domain, 2 Sushi (CCP/SCR) domains and 2 TSP type-1 domains. Complement component 7 serves as a membrane anchor. It participates in the formation of Membrane Attack Complex (MAC). People with C7 deficiency are prone to bacterial infection. It is a constituent of MAC that plays a key role in the innate and adaptive immune response by forming pores in the plasma membrane of target cells. Defects in C7 are a cause of complement component 7 deficiency (C7D). A rare defect of the complement classical pathway associated with susceptibility to severe recurrent infections, predominantly by Neisseria gonorrhoeae or Neisseria meningitidis.
complement component 7
Complement Activation Pathways
Bossi F, et al. (2009) C7 is expressed on endothelial cells as a trap for the assembling terminal complement complex and may exert anti-inflammatory function. Blood. 113(15):3640-8.
Kuijpers TW, et al. (2010) Complement factor 7 gene mutations in relation to meningococcal infection and clinical recurrence of meningococcal disease. Mol Immunol. 47(4):671-7.
Thomas AD, et al. (2012) Characterization of a large genomic deletion in four Irish families with C7 deficiency. Mol Immunol. 50(1-2):57-9.
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