IL2/Interleukin-2 belongs to the IL-1 family. It is a cytokine structurally related to interleukin 1. IL2/Interleukin-2 can be detected in skin, trachea, and other tissues. It is produced by activated keratinocytes and monocytes and transmits an intracellular signal through two distinct cell-surface receptor complexes on keratinocytes and other epithelial cells.It has been shown that interleukin-2 transduce its signal through signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) in keratinocytes. It may be involved in epidermal function and psoriasis. It also regulates proliferation and differentiation of keratinocytes during inflammation, particularly inflammation associated with the skin. In addition, IL2/Interleukin-2 also causes cell expansion of multipotential hematopoietic progenitor cells. A specific receptor for this cytokine is found to be expressed in skin and upregulated dramatically in psoriatic skin, suggesting a role for this protein in epidermal function and psoriasis.
- Chen XY, et al. (2011) The association between the IL-20-1723CG allele on the 1q chromosome and psoriasis triggered or exacerbated by an upper respiratory tract infection in the Chinese Han population. Dermatology. 222(1):24-30.
- Baird AM, et al. (2011) IL-20 is epigenetically regulated in NSCLC and down regulates the expression of VEGF. Eur J Cancer. 47(12):1908-18.
- Logsdon NJ, et al. (2012) Purification, crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction analysis of the IL-20-IL-20R1-IL-20R2 complex. Acta Crystallogr Sect F Struct Biol Cryst Commun. 68(Pt 1):89-92.