Ebola virus EBOV (subtype Zaire, strain Mayinga 1976) Glycoprotein / GP Insect Cell Lysate (WB positive control)

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Ebola virus EBOV (subtype Zaire, strain Mayinga 1976) Glycoprotein / GP Insect Cell Lysate (WB positive control): Product Information

Product Description
This EBOV Ebola virus Glycoprotein overexpression lysate was created in Baculovirus-Insect Cells and intented for use as a Western blot (WB) positive control. Purification of Ebola virus Glycoprotein protein (Cat: 40304-V08B1) from the overexpression lysate was verified.
Expression Host
Baculovirus-Insect Cells
Species
EBOV
Sequence Information
A DNA sequence encoding the Zaire ebolavirus (strain Mayinga 1976) GP (AAC54887.1) (Met1-Gln650) was expressed with a polyhistidine tag at the C-terminus.
Molecule Mass
The recombinant Zaire ebolavirus (strain Mayinga 1976) GP consists 629 amino acids and predicts a molecular mass of 69.3 kDa.

Ebola virus EBOV (subtype Zaire, strain Mayinga 1976) Glycoprotein / GP Insect Cell Lysate (WB positive control): Usage Guide

Preparation Method
Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization of the over-expressed cells in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.
Lysis Buffer
Modified RIPA Lysis Buffer: 50 mM Tris-HCl pH 7.4, 150 mM NaCl, 1mM EDTA, 1% Triton X-100, 0.1% SDS, 1% Sodium deoxycholate, 1mM PMSF.
Recommend Usage
1.  Centrifuge the tube for a few seconds and ensure the pellet at the bottom of the tube. 2.  Re-dissolve the pellet using 200μL pure water and boil for 2-5 min.
Sample Buffer
1 X Sample Buffer (1 X modified RIPA buffer+1 X SDS loading buffer).
Stability & Storage
Store at 4℃ for up to twelve months from date of receipt. After re-dissolution, aliquot and store at -80℃ for up to twelve months. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Application
Western Blot (WB)
Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Ebola virus Glycoprotein Background Information

The fourth gene of the EBOV genome encodes a 16-kDa envelope-attached glycoprotein (GP) and a 11 kDa secreted glycoprotein (sGP). Both GP and sGP have an identical 295-residue N-terminus, however, they have different C-terminal sequences. Recently, great attention has been paid to GP for vaccines design and entry inhibitors isolation. GP is a class I fusion protein which assembles as trimers on viral surface and plays an important role in virus entry and attachment. Mature GP is a disulfide-linked heterodimer formed by two subunits, GP1 and GP2, which are generated from the proteolytical process of GP precursor (pre-GP) by cellular furin during virus assembly . The GP1 subunit contains a mucin domain and a receptor-binding domain (RBD); the GP2 subunit has a fusion peptide, a helical heptad-repeat (HR) region, a transmembrane (TM) domain, and a 4-residue cytoplasmic tail. The RBD of GP1 mediates the interaction of EBOV with cellular receptor (e.g. DC-SIGN/LSIGN, TIM-1, hMGL, NPC1, β-integrins, folate receptor-α, and Tyro3 family receptors), of which TIM1 and NPC1 are essential for EBOV entry; the mucin domain having N- and O-linked glycans enhances the viral attachment to cellular hMGL, and participates in shielding key neutralization epitopes, which helps the virus evades immune elimination. There are large conformation changes of GP2 during membrane fusion, which enhance the insertion of fusion loop into cellular membrane and facilitate the release of viral nucleocapsid core to cytoplasm.
References
  • Volchkov VE, et al. Processing of the Ebola virus glycoprotein by the proprotein convertase furin. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998 May 12;95(10):5762-7.
  • Lee JE, et al. Structure of the Ebola virus glycoprotein bound to an antibody from a human survivor. Nature. 2008 Jul 10;454(7201):177-82. doi: 10.1038/nature07082.
  • Hood CL, et al. Biochemical and structural characterization of cathepsin L-processed Ebola virus glycoprotein: implications for viral entry and immunogenicity. J Virol. 2010 Mar;84(6):2972-82. doi: 10.1128/JVI.02151-09.
  • Cook JD and Lee JE. The secret life of viral entry glycoproteins: moonlighting in immune evasion. PLoS Pathog. 2013 May;9(5):e1003258. doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1003258.
  • Miller EH and Chandran K. Filovirus entry into cells - new insights. Curr Opin Virol. 2012 Apr;2(2):206-14. doi: 10.1016/j.coviro.2012.02.015.

EBOV Overexpression Lysate

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