ERK2 Information: ERK2 Protein, ERK2 Antibody and ERK2 Gene

ERK2 Gene family

ERK2 Protein

ERK2 protein function

Serine/threonine kinase which acts as an essential component of the MAP kinase signal transduction pathway. MAPK1/ERK2 and MAPK3/ERK1 are the 2 MAPKs which play an important role in the MAPK/ERK cascade. They participate also in a signaling cascade initiated by activated KIT and KITLG/SCF. Depending on the cellular context, the MAPK/ERK cascade mediates diverse biological functions such as cell growth, adhesion, survival and differentiation through the regulation of transcription, translation, cytoskeletal rearrangements. The MAPK/ERK cascade plays also a role in initiation and regulation of meiosis, mitosis, and postmitotic functions in differentiated cells by phosphorylating a number of transcription factors. About 160 substrates have already been discovered for ERKs. Many of these substrates are localized in the nucleus, and seem to participate in the regulation of transcription upon stimulation. However, other substrates are found in the cytosol as well as in other cellular organelles, and those are responsible for processes such as translation, mitosis and apoptosis. Moreover, the MAPK/ERK cascade is also involved in the regulation of the endosomal dynamics, including lysosome processing and endosome cycling through the perinuclear recycling compartment (PNRC); as well as in the fragmentation of the Golgi apparatus during mitosis. The substrates include transcription factors (such as ATF2, BCL6, ELK1, ERF, FOS, HSF4 or SPZ1), cytoskeletal elements (such as CANX, CTTN, GJA1, MAP2, MAPT, PXN, SORBS3 or STMN1), regulators of apoptosis (such as BAD, BTG2, CASP9, DAPK1, IER3, MCL1 or PPARG), regulators of translation (such as EIF4EBP1) and a variety of other signaling-related molecules (like ARHGEF2, DCC, FRS2 or GRB10). Protein kinases (such as RAF1, RPS6KA1/RSK1, RPS6KA3/RSK2, RPS6KA2/RSK3, RPS6KA6/RSK4, SYK, MKNK1/MNK1, MKNK2/MNK2, RPS6KA5/MSK1, RPS6KA4/MSK2, MAPKAPK3 or MAPKAPK5) and phosphatases (such as DUSP1, DUSP4, DUSP6 or DUSP16) are other substrates which enable the propagation the MAPK/ERK signal to additional cytosolic and nuclear targets, thereby extending the specificity of the cascade. Mediates phosphorylation of TPR in respons to EGF stimulation. May play a role in the spindle assembly checkpoint. Phosphorylates PML and promotes its interaction with PIN1, leading to PML degradation. Phosphorylates CDK2AP2 (By similarity). {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P63086, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10617468, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10637505, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11154262, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12110590, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12356731, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12792650, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12794087, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12974390, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15184391, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15241487, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15616583, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15664191, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15788397, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15952796, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16581800, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18794356, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19265199, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19879846, ECO:0000269|PubMed:22033920, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7588608, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8622688, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9480836, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9596579, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9649500, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9687510, ECO:0000303|PubMed:15526160, ECO:0000303|PubMed:16393692, ECO:0000303|PubMed:19565474, ECO:0000303|PubMed:21779493}.; Acts as a transcriptional repressor. Binds to a [GC]AAA[GC] consensus sequence. Repress the expression of interferon gamma-induced genes. Seems to bind to the promoter of CCL5, DMP1, IFIH1, IFITM1, IRF7, IRF9, LAMP3, OAS1, OAS2, OAS3 and STAT1. Transcriptional activity is independent of kinase activity. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:19879846}.

ERK2 protein sequence

This sequence information is just for reference only.From Uniport

  • Length
    360.00
  • Mass (KDa)
    41.00

ERK2 Antibody

There are 7 ERK2 antibodies which are validated in multiple tissues with various applications, including WB, ELISA, FCM, ICC/IF, IP. There are 3 ERK2 antibody for WB, 7 ERK2 antibody for ELISA, 1 ERK2 antibody for FCM, 1 ERK2 antibody for ICC/IF, 1 ERK2 antibody for IP. Among all these ERK2 antibodies, there are 1 anti-ERK2 mouse monoclonal antibodies , 2 anti-ERK2 rabbit monoclonal antibodies , 4 anti-ERK2 rabbit polyclonal antibodies . All the ERK2 anbodies are produced in house and all are in stock. ERK2 antibody customerized service is available.

ERK2 Gene

MAPK1 gene / cDNA is a protein-coding gene which located on 22q11.22. The MAPK1 gene is conserved in chimpanzee, Rhesus monkey, dog, cow, mouse, rat, chicken, zebrafish, fruit fly, mosquito, C.elegans, S.cerevisiae, K.lactis, E.gossypii, A.thaliana, rice, and frog.215 organisms have orthologs with human gene MAPK1.