PGLYRP1: PGLYRP1 Protein | PGLYRP1 Antibody

PGLYRP1 Gene family

PGLYRP1 Background

Peptidoglycan recognition protein 1, also known as Peptidoglycan recognition protein short, PGRP-S, PGLYRP1, PGLYRP, PGRP and TNFSF3L, is a secreted protein which belongs to the N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine amidase 2 family. PGLYRP1 / PGLYRP is highly expressed in bone marrow. It is weakly expressed in kidney, liver, small intestine, spleen, thymus, peripheral leukocyte, lung, fetal spleen and neutrophils. PGLYRP1 / PGLYRP is a pattern receptor that binds to murein peptidoglycans (PGN) of Gram-positive bacteria. It has bactericidal activity towards Gram-positive bacteria. PGLYRP1 / PGLYRP may kill Gram-positive bacteria by interfering with peptidoglycan biosynthesis. It binds also to Gram-negative bacteria, and has bacteriostatic activity towards Gram-negative bacteria. Peptidoglycan recognition proteins ( PGRPs or PGLYRPs ) are innate immunity proteins that are conserved from insects to mammals, recognize bacterial peptidoglycan, and function in antibacterial immunity and inflammation. Mammals have four PGRPs: PGLYRP1, PGLYRP2, PGLYRP3, and PGLYRP4. They are secreted proteins expressed in polymorphonuclear leukocytes ( PGLYRP1 ), liver ( PGLYRP2 ), or on body surfaces, mucous membranes, and in secretions (saliva, sweat) (PGLYRP3 and PGLYRP4). All PGRPs recognize bacterial peptidoglycan. The PGRPs likely play a role both in antibacterial defenses and several inflammatory diseases. They modulate local inflammatory responses in tissues (such as arthritic joints) and there is evidence for association of PGRPs with inflammatory diseases, such as psoriasis.

Reference for PGLYRP1

  • Kang D., et al.,(1998), A peptidoglycan recognition protein in innate immunity conserved from insects to humans. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 95:10078-10082.
  • Liu C., et al., (2001), Peptidoglycan recognition proteins: a novel family of four human innate immunity pattern recognition molecules.J. Biol. Chem. 276:34686-34694.
  • Clark H.F., et al.,(2003), The secreted protein discovery initiative (SPDI), a large-scale effort to identify novel human secreted and transmembrane proteins: a bioinformatics assessment.Genome Res. 13:2265-2270.

PGLYRP1 Protein

PGLYRP1 protein function

Pattern receptor that binds to murein peptidoglycans (PGN) of Gram-positive bacteria. Has bactericidal activity towards Gram-positive bacteria. May kill Gram-positive bacteria by interfering with peptidoglycan biosynthesis. Binds also to Gram-negative bacteria, and has bacteriostatic activity towards Gram-negative bacteria. Plays a role in innate immunity. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:11461926, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16354652}.

PGLYRP1 protein expression

Tissue specificity

Highly expressed in bone marrow. Weak expression found in kidney, liver, small intestine, spleen, thymus, peripheral leukocyte, lung, fetal spleen and neutrophils.

PGLYRP1 protein sequence

This sequence information is just for reference only.From Uniport

  • Length
    196.00
  • Mass (Da)
    21.00

PGLYRP1 Gene

PGLYRP1 gene / cDNA is a protein-coding gene which located on 19q13.32. The PGLYRP1 gene is conserved in chimpanzee, Rhesus monkey, dog, cow, mouse, rat, and zebrafish.109 organisms have orthologs with human gene PGLYRP1.